The walk around the site of the Citadel (La Ciutadella) is a “must” for anyone visiting Roses. Declared a historical-artistic centre in 1961, the citadel contains vestiges of its various occupations over the last thirteen centuries.
Ciutadella de Roses. Ajuntament de Roses. Arxiu Imatges PTCBG
The military fortification, with its monumental Sea Gate, is a Renaissance-style enclosure of 131,480 m², dating from the year 1543.
The archaeological site inside the fortified enclosure consists of: remains of the Hellenistic district in the Greek settlement of Rhode; a Roman villa dating from the 2nd century BC to the 6th century AD; a Paleo-Christian necropolis; several Visigothic buildings; the 11th-century Lombard Romanesque monastery of Santa Maria and remains of the fortified medieval town; remains of several military buildings dating from the last occupation of the citadel in the 16th century; a Museum providing an insight into the history and cultural heritage of Roses, from prehistory to contemporary times; and an Exhibition Hall.
A guided tour of the citadel is a master class in history concentrated in a single space of 17 hectares. The marked itinerary has good information panels. Family and cultural activities are available.